Asked by Julius Hoffmann on Feb 18, 2024

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Which of the following statements is true about the biological factors associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) ?

A) The prefrontal cortex, which regulates attention, organization, and planning, is larger in volume in children with ADHD and shows abnormal activation.
B) The catecholamine neurotransmitters, which include dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine, appear to function abnormally in individuals with ADHD.
C) The notion that hyperactivity in children is caused by dietary factors has been substantiated in controlled studies.
D) ADHD is largely associated with high birth weight.

Dopamine

Neurotransmitter in the brain, excess amounts of which have been thought to cause schizophrenia.

  • Understanding the role of the prefrontal cortex in regulating attention, organization, and planning in individuals with ADHD.
  • Recognizing the abnormal activation and larger volume of the prefrontal cortex in children with ADHD.
  • Understanding the involvement of catecholamine neurotransmitters (dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine) in ADHD and their abnormal functioning.
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Verified Answer

NQ
Nasser Qasem

Feb 18, 2024

Final Answer :
B
Explanation :
Research has shown that the catecholamine neurotransmitters, which include dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine, function abnormally in individuals with ADHD. The prefrontal cortex, which regulates attention, organization, and planning, has been found to be smaller in volume and show abnormal activation in children with ADHD. The notion that hyperactivity in children is caused by dietary factors has not been substantiated in controlled studies. There is no significant association between ADHD and birth weight.