Asked by Viktorya Rodriguez on Jul 10, 2024

Which is NOT a characteristic common to action research?

A) Collaboration
B) Independence
C) Reflection
D) Participation


The action of working with someone to produce or create something through joint effort.


the state of being free from outside control or not being influenced by others, often associated with nations, organizations, or individuals.

Action Research

A participatory research methodology focused on solving practical problems through a cycle of action and reflection.

  • Understand the role of collaboration, reflection, participation, and the importance of avoiding independence in action research.